Isle of Wight 2013

Part 1 – Lepidoptera

I’ve already grumbled in earlier posts about how the weather over the last three years leading up to 2014 was cold and unpredictable here in the UK, and how it had a very bad effect on our wildlife. In particular, overall numbers, and numbers of species, of butterflies, which are very sensitive to environmental change, seem to have been dramatically affected over those three years here in Cambridge at least.

But last year whilst on holiday on the Isle of Wight I took a walk from Shanklin up to the old WW2 radar station which is the highest point on the island, and apart from a flypast by a peregrine falcon, the most eyectaching natural phenomena were the butterflies, which seemed to be in direct contrast to the previous three years.

Comma – Polygonia c-album

The first part of my route took me through a wooded area bound by sea cliffs on one side and farmland on the other. A huge buddleia bush overhung the pathway which was hosting numerous species of butterfly, including the comma, above, and a painted lady, of which I’d seen plenty in 2010 but virtually none in the intervening years when the weather had turned bleak.

Painted lady – Vanessa cardui

The comma is resident to the UK and in recent years its numbers and range have actually increased and this has puzzled the entomologists as it is bucking a general trend amongst all butterflies here in the UK. in contrast, the painted lady is a handsome migrant which, according to my field guide, may or may not show up in the UK, consequently the entire population depends on immigration from Africa. But that raises the question what happens to the adults that are born here?

But since my guide was published, some research has been published where populations were tracked in and out of the UK on their migration routes by radar, and it revealed that painted ladies leave the country at high altitude – 500-1000m – where they can’t be seen by eye. The application of technology is revealing many hitherto unknown phenomena about many species and it’s interesting that up until now it was thought the whole UK population of painted ladies died out each year simply because they fly back just out of visual range.  And even more amazingly, it has now been discovered that this species takes up to six generations to make a circular 14000km (9000 miles) round trip from the Arctic Circle to Sub-Saharan Africa!

Which raises another mind boggling question: how is it hard wired into this tiny creature to make successive steps of this awesome migratory feat, covering half the globe, all in the same direction, at any one time? Unbelievable! But on the other hand, if populations on a previous leg of the journey take a hit for whatever reason it may be the explanation of why population size can vary so much from year to year in the UK.

Common blue male  – Polyommatus icarus

After emerging from the woods I climbed a steep incline, crossing the main Shanklin to Ventnor road and up the chalk downland of Boniface Down towards the WW2 radar station. Consequently, the terrain and the vegetation changed and so did the butterflies. The common blue is another species which I sighted frequently before the three year cold snap of 2011-14, but this male was the first one I’d spotted for a while.

Silver Y moth – Autographa gamma

The silver Y – it’s easy to see how it got its name – is a migrant moth which isn’t peculiar to chalk downlands and can be seen in most habitats, including the farmlands here around Cambridge, and this one was soaking up the sunshine on the down.

Marbled white  – Melanargia galathea

But the real gem of this trip was the marbled white, of which there were numerous examples fluttering around the down, and this one was sipping nectar from a greater knapweed flower. The marbled white is a UK resident and its favoured habitat is chalk downland.

Emerging on the top of the downland the vegetation changed to primarily low scrub consisting of acres of thistles which were home to more gatekeepers than I’ve ever seen before in one spot, I’m not exaggerating when I say there were literally hundreds of them. The information board at the entrance said that small coppers were also in residence but I only saw one and unfortunately it didn’t settle, which was a pity because they’re beautiful little brown and orange chaps and I wanted to get a photograph of one to share. Oh well, next time.

Gatekeeper – Pyronia tythonus – this one is a male, identifiable by the brown patches on the forewings, the ‘sex brands’

During the winter of 2013-14 and so far through this year the weather has warmed up, the cold, the rain and the high winds have all abated allowing many species to start to recover. It’s been a good year so far for butterflies and dragonflies, and hopefully lots more insects and the other creatures that predate them. The resilience of the natural world is astonishing, but I’m hoping we get another couple of mild years so the recovering wildlife can consolidate its numbers before the next big change in the weather.

The views from the top of Boniface Down were lovely. The cliffs on the southern edge of the island falling away to the English Channel were to the left, and when I looked north I could see mainland England. It’s not discernible in this photograph but the Solent and the south coast of the mainland are in the distance:

The only bird I managed to photograph up there was this little fellow who I think is a meadow pippit:

The pippits were very busy feeding youngsters, toing and froing across the scrub with beaks full of insects.

And the other reason I hiked up the hill was to see the old radar station at RAF Ventnor at the top of Boniface Down. This was one of the original installations set up before WW2 and was instrumental in detecting and reporting the massed attacks on southern England by the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain.

The remaining pair of radar towers at RAF Ventnor – there were originally six

The station was twice bombed by the Luftwaffe and I believe it holds the dubious distinction of being the only radar station to be destroyed by the enemy!

14 responses to “Isle of Wight 2013

  1. Love the Silver Y moth. We have commas and question marks (butterflies) patterns on their wings, but I haven’t taken any photos of butterflies or moths with letters on their wings — yet. thanks for sharing.

  2. A veritable butterfly bonanza, Finn. What a spectacular success with your marbled white!

    • Hello Gary, it was indeed. Isn’t that marbled white a beauty?! I was like a school kid bounding around the downs chasing them. Anyone watching would have thought I was completely mad 🙂 But few things make me happier than finding a jewel like that.

      • Let them think what they may. They have no idea how grand it is to be mad in this way. If sanity involves not being able to have a gentle go at these wonders, I renounce it wholeheartedly!

      • Wise words Gary, you’re absolutely right. Loonies of the world unite – we’d live in a better place if it was nature nuts rather than money men who determined the way of things!

  3. Mr Pippit certainly gets my admiration as I have tussled with gorse before and it always wins! Love all of your gorgeous butterflies and moths. I get the feeling what I call “boring old butterflies” are probably about 10 different and subtlety different species ;).

    • Hello Fran, they could be, some of our species, especially the whites, are easy to confuse.

      I was really happy on this outing simply because there were so many butterflies which I either hadn’t seen at all or only very occasionally for the previous few years. But what’s remarkable is that this year, which has been very mild, some species are back in droves, and in particular my favourite, the common blue. My local meadow is full of them again, and it makes me wonder how they do it. The resilience of these little guys is awe inspiring!

  4. Just the thought of a butterfly migrating is mind-boggling isn’t it? While I lived in Spain I was lucky to meet some people (from the UK) who were studying Painted Lady migration, so it is really interesting to read how much has been discovered in the last few years. I have seen one up here this year so far. Do you see Clouded Yellows in your part of the country? Used to see them in S. Wales, but none so far here. I love the Meadow Pipit picture and the fact it held its ground despite you being there!

    • I still find it awesome that a creature as ostensibly delicate as a butterfly can migrate across oceans and mountain ranges. I don’t think I’ve ever seen a clouded yellow but I’d love to, they’re gorgeous!

      The pippits were determined in their efforts to nurture the youngsters, they were wary of me and I tried to remain as inconspicuous as possible so I didn’t spook them, but they weren’t about to be deterred from their mission.

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